The Ten Whitney Dissenters
In the catalog from a show at Mercury Gallery in 1937 their mission is described as, “a protest against the reputed equivalence of American painting and literal painting.”
[Interview with Bernard Braddon and Sidney Schectman, owners of Mercury Gallery Conducted by Avis Berman At New York, New York 1981 October 9 for Smithsonian, Archives of American Art
Exhibitions of The Ten
December 16, 1935 - January 4, 1936: "The Ten: An Independent Group" at the Montross Gallery, 785 Fifth Avenue, NY
Ben-Zion, Ilya Bolotowsky, Adolph Gottlieb, Louis Harris, Jack Kufeld, Marcus Rothkowitz [Mark Rothko], Louis Schanker, Joseph Solman, Tschacbasov
January 1936: Municipal Art Gallery (Exhibition and gallery opened January 7, 1936)
November 10 - 24, 1936: Galerie Bonaparte, 12 Rue Bonaparte, Paris, France
December 14, 1936 - January 2, 1937: Montross Gallery
Ben-Zion, Ilya Bolotowsky, Lee Gatch, Adolph Gottlieb, Louis Harris, Jack Kufeld, Mark Rothkowitz [Mark Rothko], Louis Schanker, Joseph Solman
May 1937: Georgette Passedoit Gallery
Lee Gatch, Adolph Gottlieb, Jack Kufeld, Joseph Solman, Ilya Bolotowsky, Louis Schanker, Ben-Zion, Louis Harris, Mark Rothkowitz [Mark Rothko]
November 5 - 26, 1938: "The Ten: Whitney Dissenters" exhibition at the Mercury Galleries
Ben-Zion, Ilya Bolotowsky, Adolph Gottlieb, John D. Graham, Louis Harris, Earl Kerkam (guest), Ralph M. Rosenborg, Marcus Rothkowitz [Mark Rothko], Louis Schanker, Joseph Solman.
October 23 - November 4, 1939: Bonestell Gallery
Ben - Zion, Ilya Bolotowsky, David Burliuk, Earl Kerkam, Karl Knaths (guest), Jean Liberte (guest), Ralph Rosenborg, Marcus Rothkowitz (Mark Rothko), Louis Schanker, Joseph Solman.
In addition to the above exhibitions, The Ten held an exhibition and auction in Brooklyn to benefit Spanish children for the American League Against War and Fascism on December 3rd, 4th and 5th, 1938 at 85 Clark Street.